I’m not thrilled that I have to create this cheatsheet, but such is life.

Embed HTML in php

echo "<p>Stuff</p>";

Resource: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18140270/how-to-write-html-code-inside-php

Setup Debugger with PHP w/ PHPStorm and XAMPP

Start out by installing phpstorm and xampp.

Follow the process in here: https://www.techflirt.com/install-configure-xdebug-on-xampp-windows-and-mac/

For the above process, don’t forget to install xdebug for the version of php in xampp, and not the OS version:

/Applications/XAMPP/bin/php -v

Make sure you do everything in here: https://confluence.jetbrains.com/display/PhpStorm/Xdebug+Installation+Guide

Be sure to validate that the debugger configuration is set up properly: https://confluence.jetbrains.com/display/PhpStorm/Validating+Your+Debugging+Configuration

If you need to test with requests, you can do so by doing the following:

  1. Go to Run
  2. Edit Configurations
  3. Click +
  4. Select PHP HTTP Request
  5. Select your XAMPP server for the Server:
  6. Specify the URL for the page you want to test
  7. If you need to do a POST, specify the request method and put the post information in the Request body.
  8. Click OK

Nginx and PHP on Ubuntu

This is for testing - do not use this to run a production environment.

Install Nginx

apt update && apt install -y nginx
/etc/init.d/nginx start

Install PHP-FPM

apt install php7.2 php7.2-fpm php7.2-cli php7.2-curl php7.2-mysql php7.2-curl php7.2-gd php7.2-mbstring php-pear -y
/etc/init.d/php7.2-fpm start

Configure Nginx and PHP-FPM

Replace the contents of /etc/nginx/nginx.conf with this:

user www-data;
worker_processes auto;
pid /run/nginx.pid;
include /etc/nginx/modules-enabled/*.conf;

events {
	worker_connections 768;
	## multi_accept on;

http {

	## Basic Settings

	sendfile on;
	tcp_nopush on;
	tcp_nodelay on;
	keepalive_timeout 65;
	types_hash_max_size 2048;
	server_tokens off;

	## server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
	## server_name_in_redirect off;

	include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
	default_type application/octet-stream;

	## SSL Settings

	ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; ## Dropping SSLv3, ref: POODLE
	ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

	## Logging Settings

	access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
	error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;

	## Gzip Settings

	gzip on;

	## gzip_vary on;
	## gzip_proxied any;
	## gzip_comp_level 6;
	## gzip_buffers 16 8k;
	## gzip_http_version 1.1;
	## gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

	## Virtual Host Configs

	include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
	include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

Replace the contents of /etc/nginx/sites-available/default with this:

server {
  listen 80 default_server;
  listen [::]:80 default_server;

  root /var/www/html;

  index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

  server_name localhost;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

  location ~ \.php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
    fastcgi_pass localhost:8080;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;

Be sure to change the server_name to your actual server name

Configure PHP-FPM

Run this:

sed -i 's/;cgi.fix_pathinfo.*/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/g' /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Fix 502 issue

Run this to fix a 502 issue when you try to access php files:

sed -i 's/listen = \/run\/php\/php.*.sock/listen = localhost:8080/' /etc/php/7.2/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Restart services

/etc/init.d/nginx restart
/etc/init.d/php7.2-fpm restart

At this point, you should be able to add php files to /var/www/html.

This will create a test file:

echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > /var/www/html/info.php

Resources: https://www.howtoforge.com/tutorial/how-to-install-nginx-with-php-and-mysql-lemp-on-ubuntu-1804/ https://stackoverflow.com/questions/25591040/nginx-serves-php-files-as-downloads-instead-of-executing-them https://wildlyinaccurate.com/solving-502-bad-gateway-with-nginx-php-fpm/

Fix cannot modify header information

I encountered this when using setcookie. The solution is to put this at the top of the file:

<?php ob_start(); ?>

This will effectively stop any output from being sent until server-side processing has completed. Subsequently, this can ensure that expected rendering happens in the proper order.

Resource: https://www.webdeveloper.com/d/74202-resolved-quotcannot-modify-header-informationquot